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Table 3 Lipid profiles in MetS patients at baseline and post-fasting in two groups a

From: L-carnitine ameliorated fasting-induced fatigue, hunger, and metabolic abnormalities in patients with metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled study

  Control group Carnitine group ΔP-value
  Baseline Post-fasting P-valueb Changes Baseline Post-fasting P-valueb Changes
TC (mmol/L) 5.34 ± 1.14 5.9 ± 1.28 0.004 0.60 ± 0.68 5.38 ± 0.92 5.43 ± 0.66 0.5 0.1 ± 0.52 0.038
TG (mmol/L) 1.69 ± 0.69 1.11 ± 0.39 0.001 -0.58 ± 0.54 1.72 ± 0.77 0.97 ± 0.22 0.006 -0.60 ± 0.65 0.927
HDL-c (mmol/L) 1.15 ± 0.22 1.02 ± 0.24 0.002 -0.13 ± 0.13 1.11 ± 0.26 1.01 ± 0.19 0.019 -0.11 ± 0.15 0.807
LDL-c (mmol/L) 3.72 ± 1.08 4.57 ± 1.19 0.001 0.86 ± 0.79 3.78 ± 0.96 4.24 ± 0.69 0.018 0.54 ± 0.71 0.279
ApoA1 (mg/L) 1.11 ± 0.24 0.93 ± 0.17 0.007 -0.18 ± 0.22 1.32 ± 0.19 1.16 ± 0.17 0.005 -0.15 ± 0.16 0.745
ApoB (mg/L) 0.94 ± 0.25 1.10 ± 0.22 0.002 0.17 ± 0.17 0.96 ± 0.14 1.12 ± 0.15 <0.001 0.19 ± 0.12 0.645
ApoA1/ApoB 1.14 ± 0.23 0.85 ± 0.18 0.002 -0.29 ± 0.29 1.38 ± 0.25 1.03 ± 0.25 0.005 -0.36 ± 0.25 0.481
Lp(a) (mg/L) 273.4 ± 91.39 422.3 ± 144.83 0.003 148.9 ± 163.7 233.4 ± 90.36 362.8 ± 191.68 0.003 135.1 ± 131.7 0.810
  1. Abbreviation: apoA1 apolipoprotein A1, apoB apolipoprotein B, lp(a) lipoprotein (a), HDL-c High density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-c Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, TC Total cholesterol.
  2. aVariables are expressed as mean ± SD.
  3. bP-value was determined by paired test.
  4. Δ P-value was determined by unpaired test between groups in difference.