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Table 2 Anthropometric measurement in MetS patients at baseline and post-fasting in two groups a

From: L-carnitine ameliorated fasting-induced fatigue, hunger, and metabolic abnormalities in patients with metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled study

  Control group Carnitine group Δ P-value
  Baseline Post-fasting P-valueb Changes Baseline Post-fasting P-valueb Changes  
Body mass (kg) 74.2 ± 6.9 71 ± 6.6 <0.001 -3.2 ± 1.1 75.1 ± 8.0 70.5 ± 7.7 <0.001 -4.6 ± 0.9 0.04
BMI (kg/m2) 27.4 ± 2.0 26.2 ± 2.1 <0.001 -1.02 ± 0.28 28.2 ± 1.8 26.5 ± 1.8 <0.001 -1.6 ± 0.39 <0.001
WC (cm) 90.6 ± 8.95 88.9 ± 8.6 <0.001 -1.7 ± 1.16 94.1 ± 6.0 89.1 ± 6.1 <0.001 -5.0 ± 2.2 <0.001
HC (cm) 102.5 ± 4.66 99.8 ± 6.78 <0.001 -2.7 ± 1.57 103.8 ± 3.96 100.9 ± 4.11 <0.001 -2.9 ± 2.03 0.78
WHR 0.88 ± 0.05 0.89 ± 0.08 <0.001 0.012 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.07 0.88 ± 0.06 <0.001 -0.023 ± 0.017 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 135.7 ± 15.6 126.4 ± 8.9 <0.001 -9.26 ± 7.83 120.6 ± 15.45 115.2 ± 8.89 0.190 -5.35 ± 14.48 0.064
DBP (mmHg) 80.8 ± 8.4 76.1 ± 6.0 0.001 -3.73 ± 3.41 78.9 ± 9.4 75.6 ± 4.73 0.202 -3.29 ± 9.15 0.649
  1. Abbreviation: BMI body mass index, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HC hip circumference, SBP systolic blood pressure, WC waist circumference, WHR waist hip ratio.
  2. aVariables are expressed as mean ± SD.
  3. b P-value was determined by paired test between baseline and post-fasting.
  4. Δ P-value was determined by unpaired test between groups in difference.