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Table 1 Selected nutrient composition, fatty acid profiles and positional distribution of PA of the study formulas

From: Stool fatty acid soaps, stool consistency and gastrointestinal tolerance in term infants fed infant formulas containing high sn-2 palmitate with or without oligofructose: a double-blind, randomized clinical trial

  Formula group
Nutrient/Ingredient Control sn-2 sn-2+OF
Energy, kcal/L 661 662 678
Protein, g/L 14 15 15
Total Fat, g/L 36 37 37
Carbohydrate, g/L 69 69 72
Calcium, mg/L 411 423 431
Oligofructose, g/L - - 3
Fatty acids, weight % of TFAs    
C12:0, lauric 7.1 6.8 6.9
C14:0, myristic 4.1 3.4 3.5
C16:0, palmitic 21.1 22.5 22.5
C18:0, stearic 3.9 3.7 3.6
C18:1, oleic 39.4 40.1 40.0
C18:2, linoleic 18.5 17.2 17.1
18:3, linolenic 1.4 1.5 1.5
C20:4, arachidonic 0.3 0.4 0.4
C22:6, docosahexaenoic 0.2 0.2 0.2
Percent of PA (C16:0) in the sn-2 position 12.6 38.9 40.8
  1. Control = bovine milk-based, whey-predominant, alpha-lactalbumin-enriched term infant formula with 100% vegetable fat blend; PA = palmitic acid; sn-2 = high sn-2 palmitate formula (Control formula modified to contain 60% vegetable fat blend and 40% high sn-2 palmitate fat blend); sn-2+OF = high sn-2 palmitate formula supplemented with oligofructose at 3.0 g/L; TFAs = total fatty acids.