Variables

Educational level ^{1}
 
Per capita income ^{2}
 
Regular physical activity ^{3}
 


≤ High school

> High school
 
< Median

≥ Median
 
Yes

No
 


Mean

Median

Mean

Median

pvalue

Mean

Median

Mean

Median

pvalue

Mean

Median

Mean

Median

pvalue


Ca:P ratio (mg:mg)

0.57

0.56

0.63

0.64

0.0006

0.55

0.53

0.61

0.61

0.0001

0.63

0.64

0.57

0.56

0.0110

Calcium* (mg)

522.19

453.10

653.39

529.20

0.0006

496.70

426.20

607.47

556.80

0.0002

609.01

569.05

540.26

475.70

0.0149

Phosphorus* (mg)

897.75

840.60

1028.2

906.10

0.0371

887.24

820.80

967.94

910.25

0.0411

957.56

904.00

921.24

840.65

0.1929

Dairy products (servings)^{4}

1.01

0.79

1.61

1.31

0.0001

0.91

0.74

1.38

1.10

0.0001

1.38

1.21

1.09

0.83

0.0033

Meats (servings)^{3}

1.82

1.53

1.68

1.31

0.067

1.89

1.58

1.69

1.41

0.0994

1.66

1.47

1.82

1.51

0.2322

BMI (kg/m^{2})

26.16

25.54

25.59

25.04

0.2472

26.16

25.20

25.98

25.86

0.8582

26.09

25.89

26.01

25.30

0.8024

WC (cm)

84.99

84.00

84.55

83.00

0.5845

84.25

83.00

85.46

85.00

0.1554

85.45

84.70

84.73

83.40

0.4801

WHtR (cm:cm)

0.54

0.51

0.51

0.50

0.0126

0.53

0.53

0.53

0.53

0.8506

0.53

0.52

0.53

0.53

0.4870


^{1} ≤ high school, corresponding to 12 or fewer years of schooling and > high school, corresponding to more than 12 years of schooling; ^{2} median of per capita income R$ 325.00 or US$ 580.29; ^{3} at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week [34]; ^{4} food consumption  servings (BRASIL. Ministério da Saúde. Guia Alimentar para a população brasileira, 2006 [39]/USDA. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010) [40].
 * Calcium and phosphorus  after adjustment for energy remained the same significant relationships.
 Abbreviations: Ca:P ratio Calcium:phosphorus ratio, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, WHtR Waisttoheight ratio.