Skip to main content

Table 2 The relationship between areca nut chewing and metabolic syndrome by gender

From: Areca nut chewing and metabolic syndrome: evidence of a harmful relationship

  Metabolic syndrome Metabolic syndrome
  Males Females
  Univariate analysis P-value Multivariate analysis * P-value Univariate analysis P-value Multivariate analysis * P-value
  OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)  
Areca nut chewing         
  Non users Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Raw areca nut chewers 2.74 (1.52-4.95) 0.001 2.85 (1.47-5.53) 0.002 3.80 (2.32-6.20) <0.001 4.22 (2.40-7.41) <0.001
  Areca nut with tobacco additives 5.46 (2.73-10.91) <0.001 5.41 (2.49-11.74) <0.001 4.32 (2.41-7.72) <0.001 4.37 (2.31-8.26) <0.001
  1. *Multivariate models included age and social class.