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Table 2 Mean energy and nutrient intake and dietary adequacy among Inuvialuit women of childbearing age: smokers versus non-smokers

From: Smoking and dietary inadequacy among Inuvialuit women of child bearing age in the Northwest Territories, Canada

Nutrients Smokers Non-Smokers   Smokers Non-smokers   
  Mean SD Mean SD P-value % below AMDR P-value AMDR
Energy (kJ) 15664.9 7723.7 14673.3 6962.2 0.66 21.7 15.9 0.50 7536
% energy carbohydrate 48.7 12.7 45.3 12.8 0.29 30.4 34.8 0.80 45-65
% energy from fat 27.1 6.8 28.2 7.6 0.35 17.4 17.4 1.00 20-35
% energy protein 15.3 5.9 15.5 5.5 0.72 15.9 21.7 0.50 10-35
  Mean SD Mean SD P-value % below EAR * P-value EAR *
Carbohydrate (g) 436.0 218.0 384.0 237.0 0.17 - - - -
Fat (g) 110.0 59.0 104.0 53.0 0.87 - - - -
Protein (g) 140.0 80.0 130.0 67.0 0.78 - - - -
Sugar (g) 237.0 130.0 202.0 186.0 0.08 - - - -
Fibre (g) 22.7 14.7 22.4 10.9 0.84 65.2 69.6 0.80 25.0
Poly-unsaturated fat (g) 17.1 11.3 16.3 8.1 1.0 - - - -
Omega 3 (g) 1.8 1.1 1.7 1.0 0.9 - - - -
Omega 6 (g) 16.7 14.6 16.4 8.4 0.36 - - - -
Cholesterol (mg) 460.0 237.0 426.0 242.0 0.4 - - - ALAP§
Alcohol 67.1 128.3 75.5 145.0 0.79 - - - -
% energy from alcohol 9.3 14.8 11.5 19.7 0.85 - - - -
Vitamin BI (mg) 2.6 1.4 2.8 2.4 0.79 4.4 4.4 1.00 0.9
Vitamin B2 (mg) 4.4 2.1 4.4 3.1 0.35 69.0 23.0 0.44 0.9
Vitamin B3 (mg) 39.1 20.8 41.4 32.9 0.81 1.5 4.4 - 11.0
Vitamin B5 (mg) 10.8 5.4 9.2 4.8 0.24 21.7 7.3 0.11 53.0
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.9 1.7 3.3 3.2 0.91 5.8 17.4 0.10 1.1
Vitamin B-12 (μg) 14.2 10.4 16.8 13.6 0.65 0 1.5 1.00 2.0
Folate (μg) || 469.0 249.0 417.0 154.0 0.48 30.4 39.1 0.45 320.0
Vitamin C (mg) 261.0 214.0 219.0 279.0 0.15 10.1 17.4 0.45 60.0
Vitamin A (RAE) (μg) 421.0 324.0 418.0 330.0 0.97 26.1 30.4 0.79 500.0
Vitamin D (μg) | 275.0 259.0 232.0 183.0 0.34 76.8 73.9 0.78 10.0
Vitamin E (mg) 3.2 6.6 3.2 2.6 0.13 97.1 100.0 1.00 12.0
Magnesium (g) 394.0 173.0 358.0 148.0 0.32 23.2 34.8 0.28 265.0
Potassium (g) 4.3 1.9 3.8 1.6 0.31 63.8 69.6 0.8 4.7
Sodium (mg) 5.12 2.9 5.06 2.9 0.92 4.4 4.4 1.00 1.5
Iron (mg) 26.4 16.2 23.0 12.3 0.54 7.3 4.4 1.00 8.1
Calcium (mg) 1442.4 921.6 1295.6 743.9 0.44 39.1 23.2 0.20 800.0
Selenium (μg) 177.0 107.0 146.0 74.1 0.31 4.4 0.0 0.57 45.0
Zinc (mg) 20.0 11.2 18.1 10.0 0.53 5.8 13.0 0.17 6.8
  1. Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR) estimated amounts of energy needed to maintain energy balance for women aged ≥19 y.
  2. *Adequacy was determined using the Estimated Average Requirements (EAR) levels for women aged 19–50 y.
  3. Adequate Intake (AI) levels for women aged 19–50 y.
  4. §As low as possible.
  5. ||Dietary Folate Equivalent.
  6. Retinol Activity Equivalents.
  7. |As cholecalciferol.
  8. As α–tocopherol.