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Table 2 Total energy, macro, micro-nutrient intake by group at baseline, mid-intervention, and post-intervention by group (mean, SD)

From: The effect of high fiber snacks on digestive function and diet quality in a sample of school-age children

   Intervention    Control  
  Baseline Mid-intervention Post-intervention Baseline Mid-intervention Post-intervention
Number of participants 34 33 32 37 36 35
Number of recalls 63 64 61 69 68 67
Energy 1528.65 1571.88* 1525.56 1408.78 1401.13 1385.60
(kcal) (369.14) (412.71) (382.65) (493.38) (409.46) (376.02)
Total fat 56.22 54.49 56.93 51.60 50.81 50.09
(g) (18.42) (22.50) (17.13) (19.99) (15.95) (18.54)
Total carbohydrate (g) 205.00 215.23* 196.62 187.81 187.85 185.36
(58.92) (55.88) (57.28) (69.65) (63.48) (53.55)
Total protein 56.32 61.72* 60.21* 52.84 52.62 51.74
(g) (14.16) (19.67) (19.99) (19.60) (19.67) (17.19)
Cholesterol 146.46 163.07 186.38* 136.86 142.25 137.91
(mg) (72.93) (148.65) (128.84) (70.16) (72.34) (83.26)
Total saturated fatty acids (SFA) (g) 19.55 19.23 20.15 19.23 17.93 18.20
(6.90) (9.15) (6.86) (8.29) (6.39) (8.24)
Total dietary 12.03* 14.58*† 11.06 10.10 9.99 10.00
Fiber (g) (4.39) (5.06) (4.73) (4.42) (4.02) (11.06)
Soluble dietary 4.37 4.88* 4.13 3.44 3.23 3.62
Fiber (g) (3.03) (2.16) (2.22) (2.17) (1.19) (1.75)
Insoluble dietary fiber (g) 7.61 9.63*† 6.87 6.65 6.70 6.29
(2.50) (3.21) (3.26) (2.89) (3.11) (2.86)
Fiber density 8.00* 9.49*† 7.32 7.09 7.11 7.19
(g/1000 kcals) (2.53) (2.80) (2.96) (1.79) (2.18) (2.55)
Calcium 848.32 953.13 907.97 868.46 829.47 771.33
(mg) (340.05) (398.33) (336.79) (378.11) (383.04) (353.85)
% calories from fat 32.20 29.68† 32.98 31.90 32.04 31.47
(6.82) (6.95) (6.31) (4.75) (5.31) (6.02)
% calories from carbohydrate 52.62 54.41 50.77 52.79 52.39 53.33
(7.50) (8.32) (7.43) (6.65) (6.40) (7.76)
% calories from protein 15.22 15.94 16.28 15.37 15.62 15.23
(3.56) (3.33) (3.93) (3.63) (4.14) (3.44)
Added sugars 59.47 61.40 53.48 53.29 57.27 50.59
(g) (30.84) (37.90) (30.55) (30.26) (34.80) (28.62)
  1. *Intervention greater than control (p < 0.05).
  2. Significant from baseline (p < 0.05).