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Table 4 Effect of Ramadan fasting on energy and nutrient intake of control group before and after Ramadan (Mean values with standarddeviation) (n =82)

From: Effects of Ramadan fasting on cardiovascular risk factors: a prospective observational study

Consumption Before Ramadan After Ramadan p-values
  x ¯ ± S D 1 x ¯ ± S D 1  
Energy (kcal) 2588.6 ±1485 2449.3 ± 1179 0.337
Carbohydrates(g/day) 327.8 ±179 321.0 ± 171 0.746
Protein (g/day) 96.7 ± 59 85.4 ± 45 0.071
Fat (g/day) 100.0 ± 64 92.6 ± 42 0.263
Fiber(g/day) 22.3 ± 14 20.2 ± 11 0.180
  1. 1SD = standard deviation.