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Table 3 Change (week 12 – baseline) in components of the metabolic syndrome after a 12 week weight loss program

From: Body composition, dietary composition, and components of metabolic syndrome in overweight and obese adults after a 12-week trial on dietary treatments focused on portion control, energy density, or glycemic index

  LED*   LGI*   PC*   N p
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD   
Waist Circumference (cm)a −4.06 3.65 −3.31 3.03 −2.87 3.18 36, 45, 41 0.281
Systolic BP (mmHg) b −2.44 12.46 −0.05 12.08 −3.71 13.13 36, 44, 41 0.396
Diastolic BP (mmHg) b −0.78 11.44 1.91 12.15 −2.29 9.37 36, 44, 41 0.211
Triglycerides (mmol/L) b −0.15 0.43 −0.06 0.85 −0.06 0.48 44, 49, 41 0.752
HDL (mmol/L) a −0.06 0.15 −0.11 0.20 −0.05 0.16 44, 49, 41 0.217
Glucose (mmol/L) b 0.04 0.40 0.06 0.30 −0.07 0.53 43, 48, 41 0.273
Insulin (pmol/L) c −9.31 24.38 −5.35 27.22 −9.45 33.82 43, 48, 41 0.741
Glucose AUC (min*g/dl) c −1.03 2.71 −0.54 2.91 −0.69 2.23 35, 40, 32 0.715
HOMA-IRc −0.30 0.82 −0.14 2.14 −0.38 1.20 42, 47, 41 0.510
C-reactive protein (mg/dl) d −0.39 2.22 −0.54 2.14 −0.52 1.51 38, 35, 32 0.938
  1. *LED, Low Energy Density; LGI, Low Glycemic Index; PC, Portion Control; BP, blood pressure; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance.
  2. a, time p < 0.001.
  3. b, time p > 0.05.
  4. c, time p < 0.01.
  5. d, time <0.05.