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Table 1 Baseline physical characteristics and dietary intake of individuals enrolled in a 12 week weight loss program

From: Body composition, dietary composition, and components of metabolic syndrome in overweight and obese adults after a 12-week trial on dietary treatments focused on portion control, energy density, or glycemic index

  LED*   LGI*   PC*   n
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years) 38.8 7.0 39.1 7.1 37.9 ± 7.0   57, 59, 41
Gender M = 7, F = 50   M = 7, F = 52   M = 5, F = 36   M = 19,F = 138
Body Mass (kg) 85.71 11.19 84.32 12.42 85.38 8.98 57, 59, 41
BMI (kg/m2) 31.20 2.42 31.13 2.50 31.83 2.18 57, 59, 41
Waist Circumf. (cm) 91.35 7.67 91.57 10.59 91.09 7.74 57, 59, 41
Body Fat Percentage 45.67 5.11 46.20 5.25 46.56 5.82 57, 59, 41
Systolic BP(mmHg) 114.28 11.63 113.02 10.11 112.39 8.69 57, 59, 41
Diastolic BP(mmHg) 72.21 6.97 72.42 7.13 71.12 7.27 57, 59, 41
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.07 0.85 5.22 1.05 5.29 1.29 57, 59, 41
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.32 0.70 1.53 0.91a 1.15 0.61 57, 59, 41
HDL (mmol/L) 1.37 0.26 1.42 0.33 1.44 0.31 57, 59, 41
LDL (mmol/L) 3.11 0.76 3.07 0.76 3.32 1.27 57, 59, 41
Insulin (pmol/L) 58.06 27.85 66.74 42.78 76.44 34.31 56, 59, 41
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.71 0.43 4.68 0.41a 4.93 0.61 57, 59, 41
HOMA-IR 1.78 0.92 2.03 1.38 2.18 1.24 56, 59, 41
Glc AUC (min*g/dl)) 14.11 2.53 14.78 3.57 15.00 3.46 56, 58, 39
CRP (mg/L) 4.17 2.65 3.28 2.61 3.37 2.02 51, 45, 34
Energy Intake (KJ/day) 8325.74 2361.45 8578.04 2970.64 8380.13 2448.90 54, 58, 35
Energy Density (KJ/g) 4.56 1.21 4.18 1.21 4.18 1.21 55, 58, 35
Total Fiber Intake (g) 8.3 2.4b 8.2 2.7b 15.8 4.9 54, 58, 35
Energy from Fat (%) 35.7 7.8 35.8 5.7 35.4 7.3 54, 58, 35
Energy from CHO (%) 47.1 8.3 46.8 6.6 48.3 9.3 54, 58, 35
%Energy Protein 17.1 3.8 17.3 3.9 16.6 3.9 54, 58, 35
%Energy Sat.Fat 12.3 3.1 12.4 3.2 11.9 2.9 54, 58, 35
  1. *LED, Low Energy Density; LGI, Low Glycemic Index; PC, Portion Control; BP, blood pressure; Glc, glucose; CRP, C-reactive protein; CHO, carbohydrate.
  2. a, different from PC, p < 0.05; b, different from PC, p < 0.001.