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Table 4 Stool characteristics at 14 (enrollment), 60, 90, and 120 days of age

From: Growth and tolerance of infants fed formula supplemented with polydextrose (PDX) and/or galactooligosaccharides (GOS): double-blind, randomized, controlled trial

Age Stool frequency OverallP Stool consistency, n (%)  
Group (n) Mean (±SE)* hard formed soft unformed or seedy watery OverallP
14 days Control (142) 2.6±0.2 0.074 4 (3) 6 (4) 88 (63) 40 (29) 2 (1) 0.526
  PDX/GOS (139) 3.0±0.2   5 (4) 10 (8) 66 (51) 44 (34) 5 (4)  
  GOS (138) 3.1±0.2   2 (2) 9 (7) 73 (55) 5 (4) 6 (5)  
60 days Control (102) 2.0±0.1 0.002†‡ 2 (2) 13 (13) 76 (75) 9 (9) 1 (1) <0.001†‡
  PDX/GOS (101) 2.6±0.2   1 (1) 6 (6) 57 (56) 30 (30) 7 (7)  
  GOS (96) 2.6±0.2   0 (0) 7 (7) 64 (67) 21 (22) 3 (3)  
90 days Control (99) 2.0±0.1 0.083 0 (0) 14 (14) 70 (71) 11 (11) 3 (3) 0.089
  PDX/GOS (97) 2.3±0.1   1 (1) 6 (6) 61 (66) 21 (23) 4 (4)  
  GOS (87) 2.4±0.1   0 (0) 6 (7) 64 (73) 15 (17) 3 (3)  
120 days Control (97) 2.0±0.1 0.265 2 (2) 11 (12) 71 (76) 9 (10) 1 (1) 0.004†
  PDX/GOS (95) 2.3±0.1   0 (0) 5 (5) 63 (68) 17 (18) 7 (8)  
  GOS (87) 2.2±0.1   2 (2) 7 (8) 59 (70) 13 (15) 3 (4)  
  1. * Mean ± standard error (SE) stool frequency. Means for 14, 60, 90, and 120 days are based on 24-hour recall at study visits.
  2. †Control vs. PDX/GOS significantly different (P < 0.05).
  3. ‡Control vs. GOS significantly different (P < 0.05).