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Table 3 Daily energy and macronutrient intakes among 12,105 women participating in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study, stratified by race and geographic region

From: Race and region have independent and synergistic effects on dietary intakes in black and white women

Energy and macronutrients (intakes/d)1 Stroke Buckle Stroke Belt Other
(non-stroke buckle or belt)
P value between regions3
  Black
(n = 971)
White
(n = 1,905)
P
value2
Black
(n = 1,600)
White
(n = 2,603)
P
value2
Black
(n = 2,237)
White
(n = 2,789)
P
value2
 
Energy, kJ 5813 (4000) 6039 (3222) 0.21 6154 (4016) 6266 (3418) 0.62 5920 (3739) 6203 (3001) 0.001 0.002
Carbohydrate, g 177 (119) 171 (95.9) 0.005 188 (120) 178 (100) 0.0001 178 (114) 173 (93.5) 0.002 <0.0001
Carbohydrate, % energy 51.6 (12.3) 48.1 (11.6) <0.0001 50.9 (11.9) 48.5 (11.7) <0.0001 50.7 (12.3) 47.1 (12.1) <0.0001 0.001
Protein, g 47.8 (35.9) 51.9 (30.4) 0.0002 50.1 (35.5) 53.7 (33.3) 0.0003 49.0 (33.7) 56.1 (32.5) <0.0001 0.0009
Protein, % energy 13.8 (4.1) 14.5 (3.8) <0.0001 13.7 (4.0) 14.5 (4.1) <0.0001 13.8 (4.0) 15.2 (4.0) <0.0001 <0.0001
Total fat, g 54.6 (44.5) 59.6 (38.0) 0.0007 57.6 (45.0) 62.0 (41.3) 0.001 56.1 (42.5) 61.8 (38.9) <0.0001 0.02
Total fat, % energy 36.0 (9.5) 37.9 (9.8) <0.0001 36.2 (10.1) 37.8 (10.0) <0.0001 36.6 (10.5) 37.9 (10.5) <0.0001 0.81
Saturated 10.1 (3.0) 10.8 (3.4) <0.0001 10.1 (3.0) 10.6 (3.3) <0.0001 10.2 (3.2) 10.9 (3.8) <0.0001 0.001
Trans 2.8 (1.5) 2.8 (1.5) 0.77 2.9 (1.5) 2.9 (1.6) 0.02 2.7 (1.5) 2.6 (1.4) 0.0006 <0.0001
Monounsaturated 13.3 (4.3) 14.0 (4.1) <0.0001 13.3 (4.1) 14.0 (4.3) <0.0001 13.5 (4.3) 14.2 (4.4) <0.0001 0.03
Polyunsaturated 9.2 (3.7) 9.6 (3.8) 0.0003 9.5 (3.9) 9.6 (4.0) 0.007 9.4 (3.9) 9.2 (3.7) 0.002 <0.0001
Fiber, g 12.8 (9.6) 13.7 (9.2) 0.002 12.8 (9.5) 14.3 (10) <0.0001 13.2 (9.9) 14.6 (9.5) <0.0001 0.0001
Alcohol, % energy 0.0 (0.4) 0.2 (1.7) <0.0001 0.0 (0.5) 0.1 (1.1) <0.0001 0.1 (0.8) 0.4 (2.7) <0.0001 <0.0001
  1. 1Values are medians (IQRs). Macronutrients are adjusted for total energy intake using either the nutrient residual (g) or nutrient density (percent energy) method
  2. 2 P values compare differences in median intakes between races within region (i.e., black vs. white) using the Wilcoxon two-sample test.
  3. 3Global P values compare differences in median intakes across all three regions (i.e., Stroke Buckle vs. Stroke Belt vs. Other) and were calculated using the Kruskal-Wallis test