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Table 2 Personal and household characteristics of participants at enrollment

From: Pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of vitamin D3 (70,000 IU) in pregnant and non-pregnant women

  Single-dose only group All participants
  Non-pregnant Pregnant P Non-pregnant Pregnant P a
# Enrolled 18 13   34 27  
Month of enrollment
July-August, 2009 18 (100 %) 5 (38 %) <0.001 33 (97%) 5 (19%) <0.001
Sept-Oct 2009 0 8 (62 %)   1 (3%) 8 (30%)  
February 2010 0 0   0 14 (52%)  
Age (years), Mean (±SD) 23.9 (±3.8) 20.9 (±2.7) 0.022 24.2 (±4.1) 21.6 (±2.9) 0.006
Married 11 (61%) 13 (100%) 0.025 23 (68%) 27 (100%) 0.001
Education level attained
None 1 (6%) 2 (15%) 0.750 3 (9%) 6 (22%) 0.293
Primary 11 (61%) 7 (54%)   21 (62%) 16 (59%)
Secondary or higher 6 (33%) 4 (31%)   10 (29%) 5 (19%)
Husband’s education level
None 2 (18%) 3 (23%) 1.000 2 (9%) 4 (15%) 0.786
Primary 4 (36%) 4 (31%)   10 (43%) 13 (48%)
Secondary or higher 5 (45%) 6 (46%)   11 (48%) 10 (37%)
Home ownership 6 (33%) 1 (8%) 0.191 7 (21%) 2 (7%) 0.276
House constructed from cement, brick or tile b
Floor 18 (100%) 11 (85%) 0.168 33 (98%) 22 (81%) 0.079
Walls 16 (89%) 10 (77%) 0.625 30 (88%) 18 (67%) 0.042
Roof 6 (33%) 6 (46%) 0.710 13 (38%) 7 (26%) 0.412
Height (cm), mean (±SD) 149.7 (±3.7) 150.3 (±3.9) 0.685 150.8 (±4.3) 150.5 (±4.3) 0.758
  1. a. ANOVA for comparisons of continuous variables, Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables.
  2. b. In comparison to tin or natural materials (e.g., earth, bamboo).