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Table 5 Comparison of prevalence of underweight and stunting in Control (n = 79) and AUDs (n = 78) groups with 2008 Youth Risk Behaviour Survey findings in the Western Cape Province (WC) (n = 1159), nationally (n = 9862) and for mixed ancestry population (n = 1423)

From: Growth and weight status in treatment-naïve 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa

  Groups YRBS
  % Control
% Males
%Females
%AUDs
%Males
%Females
%WC
%Males
%Females
%National
%Males
%Females
%Mixed
Ancestry
Stunting: Height-for-age Z -score < -2SD 8.9
8.8
8.9
10.3
9.1
11.1
9.7
9.8
9.6
13.1
15.2
11.1
13.6
Underweight: Weight-for-age Z -score < -2SD 7.6
11.8
4.4
6.4
9.1
4.4
6.5
8.0
5.2
8.4
12.0
4.9
9.4
Overweight and obese: Body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m 22.8
17.7
26.7
29.5
18.2
37.8
25.5
13.7
36.3
25.0
14.5
35.0
22.4
  1. Notes: Height-for-age and Weight-for-age according to gender-specific 2000 CDC reference [40]Z-score cut-offs (Epi Info (TM) 3.5.3) used in 2008 Youth Risk Behaviour Survey [4]
  2. Body mass index according to International Obesity Task Force cut-offs for body mass index for overweight and obesity by gender for ages 2 to 18 years [42] used in 2008 Youth Risk Behaviour Survey [4]
  3. AUDs: alcohol use disorders