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Table 3 Comparison of height-for-age and body mass index-for-age according to WHO Growth References (5-19 years) Z-score cut-offs in Control (n = 79) and AUD (n = 78) groups and by gender between groups

From: Growth and weight status in treatment-naïve 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa

  Groups* Males* Females*
  %Control
n
%AUDs
n
%Control
n
%AUDs
n
%Control
n
%AUDs
n
Height-for-Age       
   Stunting < -2SD 10.1
8
6.4
5
11.8
4
9.1
3
8.9
4
4.4
2
Body mass index-for-Age       
   Underweight < -2SD 5.1
4
2.6
2
8.8
3
3.0
1
2.2
1
2.2
1
   Overweight and Obese > +1SD 25.3
20
29.5
23
17.7
6
18.2
6
31.1
14
37.8
17
  1. Notes: Body mass index (kg/m2), calculated by dividing weight (kilograms) by height (meters) squared
  2. n-values: Control group: n = 34 males and n = 45 females; AUDs Group: n = 33 males and n = 45 females
  3. * No significant differences between Control and AUD groups or by gender between groups using χ2 or Fischer's exact tests