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Table 3 Changes in macronutrient intake between the free-living and the intervention period

From: Chronologically scheduled snacking with high-protein products within the habitual diet in type-2 diabetes patients leads to a fat mass loss: a longitudinal study

  FREE-LIVING PERIOD (WEEK 0 TO 4) INTERVENTION PERIOD (WEEK 4 TO 8)
  Daily intake Breakfast Morning snack Lunch Afternoon snack Dinner Daily intake Breakfast Morning snack Lunch Afternoon snack Dinner
Energy (kcal) 1710 ± 354 300 ± 168 93 ± 86 713 ± 115 110 ± 86 493 ± 223 1815 ± 335 346 ± 59 111 ± 54 722 ± 154 111 ± 66 524 ± 238
Carbohydrates (g) 152 ± 52 (36) 39 ± 24
(52)
12 ± 11
(52)
51 ± 21
(29)
12 ± 11
(44)
38 ± 23
(31)
145 ± 48
(32)
34 ± 6
(39)
10 ± 4
(36)
53 ± 29
(30)
10 ± 6
(36)
38 ± 18
(29)
   - Sugars (g) 73 ± 25 23 ± 17 8 ± 8 17 ± 7 7 ± 7 18 ± 8 72 ± 16 26 ± 6 7 ± 4 15 ± 7 7 ± 5 15 ± 9
Glycemic Index   51 ± 10 43 ± 22   37 ± 21    58 ± 9 40 ± 10   40 ± 10  
Fiber (g) 20 ± 8 4 ± 3 1 ± 1 9 ± 6 1 ± 1 5 ± 2 22 ± 7 4 ± 1 1 ± 1 10 ± 5 1 ± 1 5 ± 2
Proteins (g) 78 ± 16* (18) 11 ± 6* (15) 4 ± 5*
(17)
37 ± 7 (21) 4 ± 4
(15)
21 ± 13 (17) 100 ± 15* (22) 25 ± 5*
(29)
7 ± 3*
(25)
36 ± 9
(20)
7 ± 5
(25)
24 ± 11
(18)
Lipids (g) 74 ± 13 (39) 10 ± 6
(30)
2 ± 2
(19)
33 ± 6 (42) 4 ± 3
(33)
24 ± 12 (44) 79 ± 15
(39)
12 ± 2
(31)
4 ± 1
(32)
35 ± 9
(44)
4 ± 2
(32)
26 ± 11
(45)
  1. Values are Mean ± SD. Values within parentheses concern % of energy supplied by the respective macronutrients
  2. * Significant differences (p < 0.05) between the free-living period and the intervention period