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Table 4 Mean and standard error of the mean of various inflammatory markers in the two groups.

From: Effects of preoperative feeding with a whey protein plus carbohydrate drink on the acute phase response and insulin resistance. A randomized trial

Variable Period and groups
  Preoperative Postoperative
  CO CHO-P p CO CHO-P p
Albumin (g/dL) 4,15 ± 0,13 4,26 ± 0,09 0,53 3,82 ± 0,12 4,02 ± 0,14 0,29
Prealbumin (mg/dL) 0,25 ± 0,02 0,22 ± 0,01 0,33 0,26 ± 0,05 0,21 ± 0,02 0,43
CRP (mg/L) 7,4 ± 1,27 6,25 ± 0,90 0,46 40,12 ± 10,04 27,37 ± 4,76 0,29
α-1-GA (mg/dL) 75,87 ± 3,94 98,1 ± 8,9 0,03 90,5 ± 3,9 105,8 ± 6,5 0,57
PINI 0,63 ± 0,16 0,76 ± 0,22 0,64 5,98 ± 2,05 3,93 ± 1,01 0,40
CRP/albumin ratio 1,81 ± 0,32 1,46 ± 0,20 0,38 10,99 ± 2,89 6,97 ± 1,35 0,25
  1. CO = control group; CHO-P = whey protein group; CRP = C reactive protein; α-1-GA = α-1-acid glycoprotein; PINI: prognostic inflammatory and nutritional index