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Table 3 Mean and standard error of the mean of the difference between preoperative and postoperative values of serum glycaemia, insulin, and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in the two groups.

From: Effects of preoperative feeding with a whey protein plus carbohydrate drink on the acute phase response and insulin resistance. A randomized trial

Variable Grupo CO Grupo CHO-P p
HOMA-IR 4.8 ± 1.1 -2.5 ± 1.5 p = 0.001
Insulin 15.5 ± 3.8 -8.8 ± 4.6 p < 0.001
Glycaemia 30.0 ± 7.3 1.6 ± 12.1 p = 0.036
  1. CO = control group; CHO-P = whey protein group.