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Table 2 Distribution of Mean Energy, Macronutrient Densities, P: S Ratio, Mean sugar and Dietary fiber by levels of Total Fat dense diets in Bahraini Girls (n = 240) and Boys (n = 256)

From: Energy and macronutrient intake and dietary pattern among school children in Bahrain: a cross-sectional study

  Total Fat Dense Diets (%kcal)  
Nutrient variables < 30% 30-37% ≥ 38% Total 1
P-value
  Mean Mean Mean Mean  
  n = 42 n = 166 n = 32 n = 240  
Girls      
Energy (Kcal) 1645.605 1794.366 1932.672 1786.774 0.032 a
%Kcals from Proteins. 15.068 15.15 15.788 15.221 0.589
%Kcals from Carbohydrates 58.502 51.978 44.348 52.102 0.000 b
%Kcals from Fats 27.594 33.815 40.428 33.608 0.000b
%kcals from Sat 8.764 10.975 12.583 10.802 0.000b
%kcals from Monosaturated fat 7.464 9.301 11.374 9.256 0.000b
%kcals from Polyunsaturated fat 4.878 6.183 7.996 6.196 0.000b
Cholesterol (mg) 195.155 245.783 307.002 245.085 0.001b
Cholesterol, mg/1000 kcal 116.94 136.705 160.123 136.369 0.010 a
Sugar, Total (gm) 99.969 89.42 73.222 89.106 0.003b
Sucrose (gm) 19.578 17.079 16.265 17.408 0.502
Dietary Fiber, total (gm) 14.558 12.246 10.284 12.389 0.009b
P:S Ratio 3 0.586 0.587 0.659 0.596 0.121
Boys      
Energy (Kcal) 2008.984 2127.582 2146.195 2097.07 0.426
%Kcals from Proteins. 15.417 15.632 15.87 15.592 0.722
%Kcals from Carbohydrates 58.007 51.714 44.609 52.855 0.000b
%Kcals from Fats 27.537 33.432 40.236 32.375 0.000b
%kcals from Sat 8.638 10.08 13.358 9.947 0.000b
%kcals from Monosaturated fat 7.933 9.528 11.661 9.265 0.000b
%kcals from Polyunsaturated fat 4.939 5.993 6.301 5.733 0.000b
Cholesterol (mg) 271.479 287.863 336.387 287.238 0.156
Cholesterol, mg/1000 kcal 136.601 135.939 159.025 137.921 0.194
Sugar, Total (gm) 107.408 101.689 76.853 101.29 0.004b
Sucrose (gm) 24.52 23.028 21.096 23.279 0.541
Dietary Fiber, total (gm) 15.229 12.762 14.258 13.544 0.005b
P:S Ratio 2 0.615 0.622 0.498 0.611 0.039 a
  1. 1 Significantly different across categories of total fat dense diets categories a p < 0.05; b p < 0.01 (Kruskal-Wallis test)
  2. 2 Polyunsaturated-Saturated Ratio