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Table 3 Endogenous DNA damage and DNA repair activity in lymphocytes, before and after kiwifruit intervention; Arbitrary units (n = 24)

From: Supplementation of a western diet with golden kiwifruits (Actinidia chinensis var.'Hort 16A':) effects on biomarkers of oxidation damage and antioxidant protection

Fruits Before After Diff Differ (%) p
   Mean SEM Mean SEM Mean SEM   
FPG-sensitive sites 1 196.38 73.7 130.33 85.3 -66.05 112.7 -34 0.01
  2 188.58 61.5 148.26 106.7 -40.32 123.2 -21 0.12
Endonuclease III-sensitive sites1 1 139.42 71.1 104.00 59.8 -35.42 92.9 -25 0.20
  2 138.17 41.2 92.25 62.1 -45.92 74.5 -33 0.04
Resistance towards H2O2 oxidation 1 283.08 43.9 189.25 117.2 -93.83 125.2 -33 0.00
  2 278.00 51.6 191.52 124.5 -86.48 134.8 -31 0.00
Base exision repair (BER) 1 48.43 16.3 46.61 14.5 -1.82 21.8 -4 0.69
  2 52.54 13.8 49.11 15.1 -3.43 20.5 -7 0.43
Nucleotide excision repair (NER)2 1 39.38 21.3 38.13 23.9 -1.25 32.0 -3 0.85
  2 37.71 18.8 35.50 23.3 -2.21 29.9 -6 0.72
  1. SEM: standard error of the mean. 1Based on samples exclusively from the second intervention period (n = 12). 2n = 23.