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Table 5 Odds ratios of household factors associated with a dietary diversity score < 4, adjusted for ethnicity and gender

From: How diverse is the diet of adult South Africans?

  Logistic regression with question only, plus gender and ethnicity as confounders
  Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval
Employment status   
Employed full time 0.672 0.430 - 1.050
Employed part time 1.074 0.642 - 1.797
Casual work 2.769* 1.447 - 5.298
Unemployed, not looking for work/pensioner/housewife/student 1.019 0.653 - 1.591
Unemployed/housewife looking for work 1.431 0.913 - 2.244
Disabled or chronically ill 2.130* 1.034 - 4.390
Income   
Receive salary/wages 0.584* 0.414 - 0.826
Remittances 1.003 0.611 - 1.646
Pensions and/or grants 1.357 0.944 - 1.950
No income 1.349 0.752 - 2.420
Where buy most of household foods   
Local spaza 1.979* 1.150 - 3.406
Big supermarket close by 0.573* 0.349 - 0.939
Big supermarket far away 0.944 0.575 - 1.551
Housing   
Formal: house or apartment 0.570 0.282 - 1.151
Traditional dwelling 2.394* 1.121 - 5.116
Townhouse 0.310* 0.140 - 0.688
Dwelling in backyard 0.706 0.324 - 1.537
Informal dwelling 1.380 0.663 - 2.870
Water   
Water in home 0.356* 0.265 - 0.478
Water in yard 0.694* 0.505 - 0.954
Free communal tap 1.190 0.849 - 1.669
Free from neighbor 2.275* 1.063 - 4.870
Communal borehole 1.599 0.805 - 3.173
River, stream or spring 7.060* 3.096 - 16.101
Toilet   
Flush toilet 0.467 0.155 - 1.406
Chemical toilet 4.226 0.987 - 18.099
Pit latrine/bucket 1.191 0.395 - 3.592
None 3.350* 1.062 - 10.562
Electricity   
In-house meter 0.389* 0.208 - 0.727
In-house pre-paid meter 0.611 0.330 - 1.133
Connected t other sources 1.428 0.649 - 3.142
No access 2.310* 1.198 - 4.453
Other assets (individually assessed)   
Refrigerator 0.274* 0.229 - 0.328
Microwave 0.279* 0.236 - 0.330
VCR 0.608* 0.495 - 0.747
TV 0.319* 0.264 - 0.385
Telephone 0.391* 0.317 - 0.483
Kitchen sink 0.263* 0.219 - 0.316
Home security 0.359* 0.278 - 0.465
Motor vehicle 0.326* 0.270 - 0.394
Mobile phone 0.473* 0.389 - 0.575
Radio 0.725* 0.622 - 0.845
Music centre 0.407* 0.347 - 0.478
DVD player 0.375* 0.320 - 0.440