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Table 1 Mean dietary diversity score (DDS) and percent of adults having consumed an item from the food groups, by province

From: How diverse is the diet of adult South Africans?

  Province RSA
  Western Cape Eastern Cape Northern Cape Free State KwaZulu- Natal North West Gauteng Mpumalanga Limpopo All
Sample size 441 446 228 241 630 136 613 246 306 3287
Mean DDS 95% CI a 4.78 [A] 4.66 - 4.90 3.38[E][F] 3.22 - 3.54 4.05 [B][C][D] 3.85 - 4.26 4.40[B] 4.23 - 4.58 3.97 [C][D] 3.81 - 4.12 3.72 [D][E] 3.43 - 4.01 4.22 [C][B] 4.08 - 4.36 4.14 [C][B] 3.95 - 4.33 3.24 [F] 3.03 - 3.45 4.02 3.96 - 4.07
Percent of adults consuming at least one item from the following groups (CIa):
1.Cereals/roots/tubers 99b 100 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 99.7
  98 - 100 99 - 100 98 - 100 99 - 100 100 - 100 100-100 100-100 99-100 99 - 100 99.5-99.9
2.Vitamin A-rich fruit and vegetables 14 16 14 26 12 21 20 22 14 17
  10 - 18 12 - 20 11 - 18 21 - 32 9 - 15 14 - 29 16 - 23 17 - 27 9 - 18 15 - 18
3.Other fruit-not vitamin A-rich 23 15 0.23 31 28 18 38 15 18 25
  18 - 27 12 - 19 18 - 29 26 - 37 24 - 32 11 - 0.25 34 - 0.43 10 - 20 14 - 22 24 - 27
4.Other vegetables- not vitamin A-rich 69 48 57 49 41 40 51 70 49 52
  64 - 74 43 - 52 49 - 65 41 - 57 35 - 47 32 - 48 47 - 56 66 - 75 41 - 57 50 - 54
5.Legumes & nuts 20 24 11 14 25 10 15 15 8 18
  16 -25 21 - 27 7 - 14 9 - 19 22 - 29 5 - 14 0.12 - 0.18 0.10 - 0.19 5 - 12 16 - 19
6.Fats & oils 66 21 40 43 39 30 28 56 26 38
  61 -70 18 - 25 33 - 47 35 - 52 34 - 45 19 - 41 24 - 0.31 48 - 65 19 - 32 36 - 40
7. Meat/poultry/fish 87 54 89 83 77 80 88 76 73 78
  83 -91 49 - 58 85 - 94 77 - 90 73 - 80 72 - 88 85 - 91 71 - 81 67 - 79 77 - 80
8.Dairy 77 44 58 72 59 55 64 42 24 56
  72 - 81 39 - 49 51 - 64 66 - 78 54 - 64 47 - 0.64 60 - 68 34 - 0.49 17 -30 55 -58
9. Eggs 24 17 14 22 16 18 18 19 13 18
  20 - 28 13 - 21 9 - 18 17 - 27 12 - 19 10 - 25 15 - 22 14 - 23 9 - 16 16 - 19
  1. aCI = Confidence interval selected because of data being stratified;
  2. b % of people consumed from the cereal group
  3. [A]; [B], [C],[D],[E],[F]: different symbols indicate which mean DDS (comparing the nine provinces) are significantly different, Bonferroni multiple comparison test, p < 0.05