Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of adolescents in Southwest Ethiopia by school absenteeism

From: Food insecurity, school absenteeism and educational attainment of adolescents in Jimma Zone Southwest Ethiopia: a longitudinal study

Characteristics Non-absentees [n 1660] Absentees [n 349] P
Gender    
   Male 51.8% 46.4% 0.067
   Female 48.2% 53.6%  
Age (Years) † 14.8 (1.3) 14.7 (1.3) 0.277
Residence*    
   Urban 36.9% 36.7% 0.216
   Semi-urban 28.5% 32.7%  
   Rural 34.6% 30.7%  
Adolescent food insecurity    
   Food secure 82.1% 67.0% < 0.001
   Food insecure 17.8% 33.0%  
Severe household food insecurity    
   No 63.7% 49.0% < 0.001
   Yes 36.3% 51.0%  
Illness during the last one month before the survey    
   Yes 88.9% 75.1% < 0.001
   No 11.1% 24.9%  
Being part of female headed household    
   No 82.4% 80.5% 0.402
   Yes 17.6% 19.5%  
Number of days in a week the adolescent has to work for at least 1 hour† 1.9(1.6) 2.3(1.3) < 0.001
The highest grade the adolescent aspires to complete† 13.7(6.9) 13.3(4.9) 0.006
The highest grade attained at round 2 of the survey† 6.2(2.5) 5.9(2.3) 0.047
  1. *"Semi-urban" refers to small towns including Yebbu, Serbo and Dedo and "urban" refers to Jimma City.
  2. Means and proportions were compared using t-test and Chi-square tests, respectively.
  3. Means with standard deviations in brackets are shown, unless otherwise indicated.
  4. Percentages are computed out of row totals.