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Table 2 Composition of enteral diets

From: The effects of varying protein and energy intakes on the growth and body composition of very low birth weight infants

  Diet Protein
(g/kg/d)
Protein/energy ratio
(g/100 kcal)
Fats
(g/kg/d)
Carbohy-drates (g/kg/d) Energy
(kcal/kg/d)
Breastfed
(Group BM)
Breast milk
160 ml/kg/d
+
Enfamil®
4.5 g/kg/d
3.4 2.5 8.1 11.7 133:
10.2% protein
54.8% fat
35.2% carbohydrate
Group A Alprem®
160 ml/kg/d
3.7 2.8 6.6 13.6 129:
11.5% protein
46.2% fat
42.3% carbohydrate
Group B Alprem®
160 ml/kg/d
+
Promod®
0.66 g/kg/d
+
Duocal®
3.7 g/kg/d
4.2 2.8 7.5 16.3 149.5:
11.2% protein
45.2% fat
43.6% carbohydrate
Group C Alprem®
160 ml/kg/d
+
Promod®
1.3 g/kg/d
+
Duocal®
3.3 g/kg/d
4.7 3.1 7.45 16.1 149.9:
12.5% protein
44.7% fat
42.8% carbohydrate
  1. - Alprem (Nestlé): in 100 g = 506 kcal, protein 14.5 g, carbohydrate 53.6 g, fat 26.0 g.
  2. - Enfamil Human Milk fortifier (Nutricia): 1 vial = 5 mL = 5 g = 7.5 kcal, protein 0.55 g, carbohydrate < 0.3 g, fat 0.55 g.
  3. - ProMod protein powder (Abbott): in 10 g = 42.4 kcal, protein 7.6 g, carbohydrate 1.0 g, fat 0.9 g.
  4. - Duocal MCT (Nutricia): in 10 g = 12.4 kcal, carbohydrate 1.8 g, fat 0.58 g.