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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and complications prior to the beginning of the study.

From: The effects of varying protein and energy intakes on the growth and body composition of very low birth weight infants

  Breastfed
(n = 6)
Group A
(n = 8)
Group B
(n = 12)
Group C
(n = 12)
Characteristics of the newborns     
Born in the hospital 5 8 11 9
Male gender 4 2 5 9
Cesarean section 4 7 11 8
1-min Apgar ≤4 1 3 2 2
5-min Apgar ≤8 3 4 2 2
Resuscitation (endotracheal intubation) 0 4 1 3
Prenatal corticosteroids 4 8 10 9
Complications of the newborns     
Respiratory distress syndrome 4 5 3 8
Mechanical ventilation 3 5 2 7
Patent ductus arteriosus 1 4 1 3
Sepsis 2 1 3 3
Necrotizing enterocolitis 2 0 0 0
Intraventricular hemorrhage 2 1 1 0
Parenteral nutrition > 7 days 2 3 3 3