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Table 2 Characteristics of Cuban-Americans by gender in a study of depression symptoms and diet quality

From: Healthy Eating Index scores associated with symptoms of depression in Cuban-Americans with and without type 2 diabetes: a cross sectional study

  Cuban Americans  
  Male Female PValue
  n = 127 n = 229  
Age (years) 63.6 ± 11.0 64.5 ± 12.0 0.524
Diabetes status yes (%) 55.1 49.3 0.296
   With type 2 diabetes 55.1 49.3  
   Without type 2 diabetes 44.9 50.7  
BMI (Kg/m2) 29.9 ± 5.1 31.4 ± 6.3 0.016
Duration of diabetes (years) 5.9 ± 9.7 4.2 ± 7.3 0.090
Total calories intake 2362.3 ± 803.4 2203.6 ± 775.8 0.069
Employment status (%)    0.794
   Not Working 64.6 65.9  
   Working 35.4 34.1  
Marital Status (%)    < 0.001
   Not Married 29.1 54.1  
   Married 70.9 45.9  
Education (%)    0.052
   < High School 57.5 46.7  
   ≥ High School 42.5 53.3  
A1C % 6.9 ± 1.5 6.7 ± 1.4 0.261
Depression medications (%)    < 0.001
   No 96.1 83.4  
   Yes 3.9 16.6  
BDI Scores 8.2 ± 9.1 10.0 ± 8.5 0.068
HEI-05 54.1 ± 8.2 56.4 ± 8.9 0.018
HEI-05 median (%)    0.082
   ≤ 55.6 55.9 46.3  
   > 55.6 44.1 53.7  
  1. Data are % or mean ± standard deviation (SD).
  2. BMI = Body mass index, A1C = glycated hemoglobin, HEI-05 = Healthy Eating Index-2005, BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.