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Table 6 Lipidemic profile, antioxidant status, immune status and lipid peroxidation indicator by diet quality (mean ± SEM)

From: Mediterranean Diet Effect: an Italian picture

  DIET QUALITY  
  Low
(MDS≤3)
Medium
(MDS 4-5)
High
(MDS≥6)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.55 ± 0.10 4.63 ± 0.08 4.60 ± 0.10
HDL- cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.26 ± 0.05 1.32 ± 0.05 1.35 ± 0.05
LDL- cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.95 ± 0.10 3.00 ± 0.10 3.10 ± 0.10
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.78 ± 0.06 0.77 ± 0.05 0.72 ± 0.06
FRAP (μM) 976 ± 42 883 ± 22 953 ± 28
TRAP (μM) 842 ± 34 855 ± 22 886 ± 26
Uric acid (mmol/L) 0.34 ± 0.02 0.35 ± 0.01 0.38 ± 0.02
SH (mM/l) 546 ± 31 524 ± 29 520 ± 32
GPx (UI/gr Hb) 41.2 ± 2.5 48.8 ± 2.1 49.2 ± 2.7
SOD (U/l) 37.0 ± 3.7 41.3 ± 3.6 40.0 ± 5.1
Vitamin A (μmol/L) 1.87 ± 0.08 1.89 ± 0.06 2.05 ± 0.08
Vitamin E (μmol/L) 23.22 ± 0.93 23.44 ± 0.46 24.15 ± 0.70
Vitamin C (μmol/L) 49.97 ± 2.27 52.24 ± 1.70 48.27 ± 2.27
Lutein +Zeaxantin ((μmol/L) 0.57 ± 0.05 0.63 ± 0.04 0.64 ± 0.05
Cryptoxanthin ((μmol/L) 0.16 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.02 0.20 ± 0.02
Lycopen (μmol/L) 0.79 ± 0.02 0.83 ± 0.02 0.83 ± 0.02
α-carotene (μmol/L) 0.07 ± 0.02 0.07 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01
β-carotene ((μmol/L) 0.55 ± 0.07 0.57 ± 0.06 0.58 ± 0.07
TNF-α (pg/ml) 42.4 ± 9.0a 35.7 ± 7.0a 14.8 ± 2.9b
IL10 (pg/ml) 8.3 ± 3.3a 9.98 ± 1.3a 19.5 ± 5.2b
MDA (μM/l) 118 ± 7 104 ± 7 110 ± 7
  1. Statistic: Anova P < 0.05 a versus b