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Table 4 Average consumption of food groups* (g/day) by MDS classes.

From: Mediterranean Diet Effect: an Italian picture

  DIET QUALITY
  Low
(MDS≤3)
Medium
(MDS 4-5)
High
(MDS≥6)
P values
% 26 45 29  
Cereals (g/day) 225 ± 53 248 ± 71 267 ± 76 0.02
Vegetables (g/day) 167 ± 113 225 ± 127 261 ± 97 0.0008
Legumes (g/day) 7 ± 19 18 ± 27 22 ± 23 0.02
Fruits (g/day) 162 ± 162 209 ± 188 389 ± 238 0.00000
Fish (g/day) 39 ± 40 61 ± 62 88 ± 96 0.005
Meat (g/day) 161 ± 112 119 ± 65 114 ± 90 0.02
Milk and dairy products (g/day) 305 ± 160 227 ± 128 195 ± 170 0.002
Alcohol (g/day) 9 ± 11 8 ± 12 5 ± 10 n.s.
MUFA/SFA ratio 1.8 ± 0.4 2 ± 0.5 2.3 ± 0.6 0.00003
  1. *Food groups were adjusted to 2500 kcal for men and 2000 kcal for women
  2. Statistic: Anova