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Table 3 Daily micronutrients intake by sex (mean ± s.d.)

From: Mediterranean Diet Effect: an Italian picture

  Men Women P value
Iron (mg/day) 12.6 ± 3.5 9.5 ± 3.3 0.000
Calcium (mg/day) 867 ± 328 713 ± 212 0.002
Potassium (mg/day) 3067 ± 968 2370 ± 743 0.000
Phosphorus (mg/day) 1496 ± 342 1131 ± 283 0.000
Zinc (mg/day) 12.3 ± 3.5 8.8 ± 2.7 0.000
Thiamin (mg/day) 1.2 ± 0.5 1.1 ± 0.6 n.s
Niacin (mg/day) 19.9 ± 5.8 16.0 ± 8.0 0.002
Vitamin B6 (mg/day) 2.1 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 1.0 0.05
Folic acid (μg/day) 257 ± 68 200 ± 73 0.000
Riboflavin (mg/day) 1.7 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.8 n.s
Retinol Eq (μg/day) 1355 ± 866 1071 ± 616 0.000
Vitamin E (mg/day) 15.3 ± 5.2 12.5 ± 4.8 0.002
Vitamin D (μg/day) 2.1 ± 1.7 1.6 ± 1.3 n.s
Vitamin C (mg/day) 142.8 ± 74.0 114.0 ± 68.0 0.022
  1. Statistics: Student's t-test