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Table 5 Blood biomarker values (all subjects) before and after the 6 week KEMEPHY diet. Values are expressed in mean and SD.

From: Effect of ketogenic mediterranean diet with phytoextracts and low carbohydrates/high-protein meals on weight, cardiovascular risk factors, body composition and diet compliance in Italian council employees

  Pre KEMEPHY diet Post KEMEPHY diets p
BUN (mg/dl) 33.8 ± 8.9 33.4 ± 8.4 n.s.
Uric acid (mg/dl) 4.9 ± 1.3 5 ± 1.2 n.s.
VES (mm/hour) 14.2 ± 7.2 12.8 ± 7.4 n.s.
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.83 ± 0.16 0.78 ± 0.13 n.s.
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 204.2 ± 40 181.1 ± 33.4 P < 0.0001
HDLc (mg/dl) 46.2 ± 7.4 52.1 ± 7.4 P < 0.0001
LDLc (mg/dl) 149.7 ± 29.1 135.8 ± 24.8 P < 0.0001
TG (mg/dl) 118.6 ± 59.9 93.8 ± 42.2 P < 0.0001
ALT (U/l) 20.7 ± 9.1 18.2 ± 6.7 n.s.
AST (U/l) 18.4 ± 5.1 17 ± 5 n.s.
GGT (U/l) 21 ± 11 17 ± 5 n.s.
Glucose (mg/dl) 96 ± 12 91 ± 9 P < 0.0001