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Table 4 Blood biomarker, anthropometric and body composition values, separated for male and female, before and after 6 weeks KEMEPHY diet. Values are expressed in mean and SD.

From: Effect of ketogenic mediterranean diet with phytoextracts and low carbohydrates/high-protein meals on weight, cardiovascular risk factors, body composition and diet compliance in Italian council employees

  Pre diet female Post diet female Pre diet
male
Post diet
male
BUN (mg/dl) 33.4 ± 9.5 33.2 ± 8.7 35.2 ± 6.0 33.8 ± 7.0
Uric acid (mg/dl) 5.0 ± 1.3 5 ± 1.2 4.8 ± 1.3 5.0 ± 1.3
VES (mm/hour) 14 ± 7.3 12.7 ± 7.6 16 ± 7.3 14.4 ± 6.3
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.84 ± 0.15 0.77 ± 0.11 0.83 ± 0.2 0.85 ± 0.2
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 206.2 ± 41.4 182.8 ± 34.3 199.2 ± 29.8 176.9 ± 26.1
HDLc (mg/dl) 46.7 ± 7.2 52.6 ± 9.5 43.9 ± 8.5 50.1 ± 9.1
LDLc (mg/dl) 151.8 ± 28.3 137.1 ± 24.8 140.9 ± 32.9 130.4 ± 25.9
TG (mg/dl) 119.9 ± 60.3 94.2 ± 41.8 114.1 ± 61.8 93.9 ± 46.2
ALT (U/l) 20.5 ± 10.9 17.3 ± 5.1 18.4 ± 4.6 19.1 ± 6.8
AST (U/l) 18.5 ± 5.4 17.1 ± 4.7 17.8 ± 3.8 17 ± 5.1
GGT (U/l) 20.5 ± 10.9 17.3 ± 5.1 21.5 ± 11.7 15.4 ± 4.1
Glucose (mg/dl) 95.7 ± 12.5 90.5 ± 9.8 95.9 ± 11.2 90.6 ± 8
Weight Kg 82.6 ± 12.7 76.3 ± 12.1 102.4 ± 22.2 93.4 ± 21
BMI (Kg/m 2 ) 31 ± 4.8 28.7 ± 4.6 33.6 ± 6.2 30.6 ± 5.8
% Fat 42.3 ± 6, 8 36 ± 6, 9 37 ± 4.3 30.6 ± 4.1
Waist circumference cm 103.5 ± 14 94, 3 ± 10.3 120.8 ± 15.1 109.7 ± 14.1
Hip circumference cm 114.9 ± 11.6 107.2 ± 10.5 117.3 ± 9.9 111.2 ± 10.4