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  1. Research

    Diverse characteristics of the urinary excretion of amino acids in humans and the use of amino acid supplementation to reduce fatigue and sub-health in adults

    The excretion of amino acids in urine represents an important avenue for the loss of key nutrients. Some amino acids such as glycine and histidine are lost in higher abundance than others. These two amino acid...

    R. H. Dunstan, D. L. Sparkes, M. M. Macdonald, X. Janse De Jonge, B. J. Dascombe, J. Gottfries, C.-G. Gottfries and T. K. Roberts

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:19

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Research

    Behaviors of consumers, physicians and pharmacists in response to adverse events associated with dietary supplement use

    The prevalence of dietary supplements has increased in Japan, and, as a consequence, the adverse events associated with dietary supplement use have become more prominent. Severe adverse events must be reported...

    Tsuyoshi Chiba, Yoko Sato, Etsuko Kobayashi, Kazuki Ide, Hiroshi Yamada and Keizo Umegaki

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:18

    Published on: 18 March 2017

  3. Research

    Standardized serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are inversely associated with cardiometabolic disease in U.S. adults: a cross-sectional analysis of NHANES, 2001–2010

    Previously reported associations between vitamin D status, as measured by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, and cardiometabolic risk factors were largely limited by variability in 25(OH)D ass...

    Banaz Al-khalidi, Samantha M. Kimball, Michael A. Rotondi and Chris I. Ardern

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:16

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  4. Research

    Comparison of direct measures of adiposity with indirect measures for assessing cardiometabolic risk factors in preadolescent girls

    Childhood overweight and obesity remains high, contributing to cardiometabolic risk factors at younger ages. It is unclear which measures of adiposity serve as the best proxies for identifying children at meta...

    Megan Hetherington-Rauth, Jennifer W. Bea, Vinson R. Lee, Robert M. Blew, Janet Funk, Timothy G. Lohman and Scott B. Going

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:15

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  5. Research

    Resistant starch lowers postprandial glucose and leptin in overweight adults consuming a moderate-to-high-fat diet: a randomized-controlled trial

    High-amylose maize resistant starch type 2 (HAM-RS2) stimulates gut-derived satiety peptides and reduces adiposity in animals. Human studies have not supported these findings despite improvements in glucose ho...

    Mindy Patterson Maziarz, Sara Preisendanz, Shanil Juma, Victorine Imrhan, Chandan Prasad and Parakat Vijayagopal

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:14

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  6. Research

    Several grain dietary patterns are associated with better diet quality and improved shortfall nutrient intakes in US children and adolescents: a study focusing on the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

    The present study identified the most commonly consumed grain food patterns in US children and adolescents (2–18 years-old; N = 8,367) relative to those not consuming grains and compared diet quality and nutrient...

    Yanni Papanikolaou, Julie Miller Jones and Victor L. Fulgoni

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:13

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  7. Research

    Comparison of multi-modal early oral nutrition for the tolerance of oral nutrition with conventional care after major abdominal surgery: a prospective, randomized, single-blind trial

    Early oral nutrition (EON) has been shown to improve recovery of gastrointestinal function, length of stay and mortality after abdominal surgery; however, early oral nutrition often fails during the first week...

    Da-Li Sun, Wei-Ming Li, Shu-Min Li, Yun-Yun Cen, Qing-Wen Xu, Yi-Jun Li, Yan-Bo Sun, Yu-xing Qi, Yue-ying Lin, Ting Yang, Qi-Ping Lu and Peng-Yuan Xu

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:11

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  8. Short report

    Glycemic, insulinemic and incretin responses after oral trehalose ingestion in healthy subjects

    Trehalose is hydrolyzed by a specific intestinal brush-border disaccharidase (trehalase) into two glucose molecules. In animal studies, trehalose has been shown to prevent adipocyte hypertrophy and mitigate in...

    Chiyo Yoshizane, Akiko Mizote, Mika Yamada, Norie Arai, Shigeyuki Arai, Kazuhiko Maruta, Hitoshi Mitsuzumi, Toshio Ariyasu, Shimpei Ushio and Shigeharu Fukuda

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:9

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  9. Research

    Effect of a high protein diet and/or resistance exercise on the preservation of fat free mass during weight loss in overweight and obese older adults: a randomized controlled trial

    Intentional weight loss in obese older adults is a risk factor for accelerated muscle mass loss. We investigated whether a high protein diet and/or resistance exercise preserves fat free mass (FFM) during weig...

    Amely M. Verreijen, Mariëlle F. Engberink, Robert G. Memelink, Suzanne E. van der Plas, Marjolein Visser and Peter J.M. Weijs

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:10

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  10. Review

    A review of total & added sugar intakes and dietary sources in Europe

    Public health policies, including in Europe, are considering measures and recommendations to limit the intake of added or free sugars. For such policies to be efficient and monitored, a precise knowledge of th...

    Véronique Azaïs-Braesco, Diewertje Sluik, Matthieu Maillot, Frans Kok and Luis A. Moreno

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:6

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  11. Research

    Stability-based validation of dietary patterns obtained by cluster analysis

    Cluster analysis is a data-driven method used to create clusters of individuals sharing similar dietary habits. However, this method requires specific choices from the user which have an influence on the resul...

    Nicolas Sauvageot, Anna Schritz, Sonia Leite, Ala’a Alkerwi, Saverio Stranges, Faiez Zannad, Sylvie Streel, Axelle Hoge, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Adelin Albert and Michèle Guillaume

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:4

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  12. Research

    Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the ‘HEYMAN’ healthy lifestyle program for young men: a pilot randomised controlled trial

    In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to ...

    Lee M. Ashton, Philip J. Morgan, Melinda J. Hutchesson, Megan E. Rollo and Clare E. Collins

    Nutrition Journal 2017 16:2

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  13. Research

    Association between homocysteine and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Chinese adults: a cross-sectional study

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide, and its prevalence is likely to rise even further. To help understand the pathogenesis and early prevention of progressive ...

    Haijiang Dai, Weijun Wang, Xiaohong Tang, Ruifang Chen, Zhiheng Chen, Yao Lu and Hong Yuan

    Nutrition Journal 2016 15:102

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  14. Research

    Prospective associations of meat consumption during childhood with measures of body composition during adolescence: results from the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts

    Higher meat and protein intakes have been associated with increased body weight in adults, but studies evaluating body composition are scarce. Furthermore, our knowledge in adolescents is limited. This study a...

    Carla Harris, Anette Buyken, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Irina Lehmann, Barbara Hoffmann, Sibylle Koletzko, Berthold Koletzko, Joachim Heinrich and Marie Standl

    Nutrition Journal 2016 15:101

    Published on: 5 December 2016

  15. Review

    An overview on the role of dietary phenolics for the treatment of cancers

    Plant derived phenolic compounds have been shown to inhibit the initiation and progression of cancers by modulating genes regulating key processes such as: (a) oncogenic transformation of normal cells; (b) gro...

    Preethi G. Anantharaju, Prathima C. Gowda, Manjunatha G. Vimalambike and SubbaRao V. Madhunapantula

    Nutrition Journal 2016 15:99

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  16. Research

    Meal rich in carbohydrate, but not protein or fat, reveals adverse immunometabolic responses associated with obesity

    Obesity-related insulin resistance is linked to inflammation. Immunometabolic function differs between lean and obese subjects, but whether macronutrient composition of ingested meals affects these responses i...

    Ehsan Parvaresh Rizi, Sonia Baig, Muhammad Shabeer, Yvonne Teo, Shao Feng Mok, Tze Ping Loh, Faidon Magkos, Sam Virtue, Antonio Vidal-Puig, E. Shyong Tai, Chin Meng Khoo and Sue-Anne Toh

    Nutrition Journal 2016 15:100

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  17. Research

    Fish consumption and risk of stroke: a second prospective case-control study from northern Sweden

    Fish consumption has been concluded to be associated with decreased risk of stroke in several reviews. However, among men, but not women, an increased risk of stroke was previously found at high fish consumpti...

    Maria Wennberg, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Margareta Norberg, Staffan Skerfving, Ulf Strömberg, Per-Gunnar Wiklund and Ingvar A. Bergdahl

    Nutrition Journal 2016 15:98

    Published on: 16 November 2016

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